Make your own free website on

The Big Bang Never Happened : A Startling Refutation of the Dominant Theory of the Origin of the Universe (Vintage)
by Eric Lerner - From Steven Weinberg's The First Three Minutes (Basic, 1976. o.p.; 1988. 
to Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time ( LJ 4/15/88), numerous science popularizations
 have expounded the Big Bang Theory for the origin of the universe as indisputable fact. 
Readers of those books will find this one startling and intriguing. Lerner, a plasma 
physicist, points out flaws in the Big Bang model and proposes an alternative theory: 
an eternal, self-sustaining The Particle Garden: Our Universe As Understood by Particle Physicists (Helix Books)
by G. L. Kane (Paperback) 	Quarks and Gluons: A Century of Particle Charges
by M. Y. Han (Paperback) Just Six Numbers: The Deep Forces That Shape the Universe
by Martin Rees Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science
by Halton Arp Hyperspace : A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the 10th Dimens ion
by Michio Kaku Elementary Particles and the Laws of Physics: The 1986 Dirac Memorial Lectures
by Richard P. Feynman, Steven Weinberg Religion and Science

Particle Science

"God Particle" Possibly Discovered
A report on one of the potentially most important discoveries of the new millennium, along with a summary of the standard model of particle physics.

ABC's of Nuclear Science
A comprehensive introduction to nuclear science-- antimatter, beta rays, cosmic radiation, radioactivity, the difference between fission and fusion, and the structure of the nucleus, for starters. Site also provides access to reference and teaching materials and experiments. From Lawrence Berkeley National Labs. Uses frames.

Antimatter: Mirror of the Universe
A thorough discussion covering all aspects of antimatter.

ATLAS Educational Information
The ATLAS Experiment is to be carried out at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a particle accelerator facility of the CERN Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. Website is intended for people of all ages who are curious about fundamental particles and forces as well as about particle research.

Atom Builder
A shockwave application that allows the user to add up and down quarks to a hydrogen nucleus to create a carbon nucleus.

Big Bang Science
Site seeks to explain the origins of matter and current high-energy research regarding the conditions of the early universe. The information presented here is published in booklet form by the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC).

An overview of bremsstrahlung (or stopping radiation). From The Particle Detector BriefBook.

Cherenkov Radiation
From The Particle Detector BriefBook.

CHESS X-ray Visions
Celebration of 100 years since the discovery of X-rays. Elaborates on uses of x-rays and details the research conducted with the CHESS synchrotron located below the Cornell campus.

Classical & Statistical Thermodynamics & Mechanics Educational Sites
A collection of resources gathered by the Thermodynamics Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Contemporary (Nuclear) Physics Education Project (CPEP)
A product of teachers, educators, and physicists located around the world. Charts, brochures, web features, and classroom activities present the current understanding of cosmic rays, radiation, particle physics, fission, fusion, and similar topics. Award-winning site.

Cross Section
Introduction to cross section, an important concept in scattering.

Introductory information on particle decays produced by the Stanford Linear Accelerator.

FAQ about Fusion Research
The FAQ (from Princeton Plasma Physics Lab) is not very extensive, but it has an impressive Glossary.

Fermilab Education
For students, educators, visitors.
A collection of Web-based games and activities to develop an understanding of the operations and experiments that take place in the Fermilab accelerator and detector halls and the scientific ideas they explore. Has a special section for teachers.
Fusion Energy Educational Web Site at LLNL

Fusion Energy Education
Leads to several excellent resources which teach about fusion.

Fusion FAQ Glossary
USENET FAQ glossary on fusion energy.

Fusion: Physics of a Fundamental Energy Source:
An introduction to the principles of fusion geared towards high school students. Posters in various languages also available for download or ordering.

GCSE Physics: Radioactivity
Simple, concise introductory tutorials about radioactivity and atoms.

General Atomics Fusion Group Educational Home Page
resources for teachers and students; links to a more technical GAT fusion site

History of the Nuclear Age
A chronological record of the nuclear age: links to people, documents and educational units. Explore political and ethical dilemmas of the Nuclear Age.

How Stuff Works: How Atom Smashers Work
Tutorial with 28 color illustrations and photographs looks at these amazing devices and how the results they obtain tell us about the fundamental structure of matter, the forces holding it together and the origins of the universe.

Introduction to High Energy Physics and ATLAS
Describes the work of the Hampton University Particle Physics group in the ATLAS project as well as material and links for particle physics and general physics education.

Introduction to Particle Physics
Beginners guide to particle physics.

Learning Science with Computer Assistance: Physics Topics
A set of simulations to illustrate the historical models of atomic structure and the behavior of light.

Introductory information on leptons (electrons, muons, taus, and neutrinos).

Life, the Universe and the Electron
An exhibition to celebrate the centenary of the discovery of the electron--A collaboration between the Science Museum, London, and the Institute of Physics

Meltdown at Three Mile Island, a Documentary
Companion site to the PBS show of the same name. Covers "How a Nuclear Reactor Works" and "What Happened," showing the series of events that took place on March 28, 1979. Useful for a quick lesson about Three Mile Island. Also has teacher's guide to the show and a link for ordering the video. Requires Java-enabled browser.

Nuclear Power
Overviews the principles of nuclear fission and its use to generate power, why uranium can be fissioned, n/p ratio and delayed neutrons, moderators, also Chernobyl and 3-Mile Island.

Nuclear Power Plant Demonstration
Java applet of a basic nuclear power plant. Try to keep the reactor running safely under various failure scenarios.

Nuclear Science and Technology and How It Influences Your Life
Covers five major application fields: food irradiation, industry, medicine, space, and electricity.

Nuclear War and You
The effects of a nuclear blast.

OnScreen Particle Physics
A simulation for Mac and Windows 95/98/NT that allows even beginning students to experience what real particle physics experiments are like. Demo versions available for download.

Perspective on Plasmas
Educational information on plasma applications including controlled fusion.

Reflections on Matter
Atoms to quarks, quantum physics, the big bang, and newer theories about matter.

SLAC Visitor Center
Information provided by SLAC for informing the general public about particle physics.

Tau Decay Physics
Summary of decay modes and their probabilities.

The Internet Plasma Physics Education Experience (IPPEX)
The site "allows students and teachers to participate remotely in scientific research at [America's] largest fusion energy laboratory." Requires Java-capable browser and Shockwave plug-in to be able to use the excellent educational modules. Also has an "ask the expert" forum for fusion-related questions.

The Particle Adventure
An award-winning site from the Particle Data Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Labs. "A tour of the inner workings of the atom."

The Science of Particle Physics
Overview of elementary particle physics experiments and research at Fermilab.

U.S. Fusion Energy Sciences Program
A very comprehensive U.S. Department of Energy site related to fusion research. Provides a large number of links to institutions and organizations, and there is a special fusion education section too.

Virtual Radioactivity Lab
Explore radioactive decay and half-life with radioactive sources, screens and a geiger detector.

What is Antimatter?
From Scientific American: Ask the Experts: Physics.

What is the Higgs Boson?
From Scientific American: Ask the Experts: Physics.

Extinction Shift Principle: an alternative model to the relativistic physics of fractional light velocities: a 

stimulating look at classical physics. Prime 

Obsession: Bernhard Riemann and the Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics
by John Derbyshire The 

Music of the Primes : Searching to Solve the Greatest Mystery in Mathematics
by Marcus du Sautoy (Author) Gamma : 

Exploring Euler's Constant by Julian Havil (Author) The 

Riemann Hypothesis: The Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics
by Karl Sabbagh (Author) The 

Millennium Problems: The Seven Greatest Unsolved Mathematical Puzzles of Our Time
by Keith J. Devlin Abel's 

Proof : An Essay on the Sources and Meaning of Mathematical Unsolvability by Peter Pesic (Author) Sync: 

The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order by Steven Strogatz (Author)   hspace= Mathematics of Classical and Quantum Physics by Frederick W. Byron (Author), W. Fuller Robert 

(Author)  Probability Theory : The Logic of Science
by E. T. Jaynes (Author), G. Larry Bretthorst (Editor) 

Computation and Quantum Information
by Michael A. Nielsen (Author), Isaac L. Chuang (Author) 

of Variations
by S. V. Fomin (Author), I. M. Gelfand (Author)The 

Annotated Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions
by Edwin Abbott Abbott, Ian Stewart (Introduction) ></A>

<A HREF=The Mathematical Explorer
Wolfram Research, Inc. 

New Kind of Science Explorer
Wolfram Research, Inc.  Nova - 

The Elegant Universe (2003) Riemann's Zeta Function
by Harold M. Edwards (Author)  Four 

Colors Suffice : How the Map Problem Was Solved by Robin Wilson (Author)
The Lady 

Tasting Tea: How Statistics Revolutionized Science in the Twentieth Century
by David Salsburg  Isaac 

by James Gleick (Author)  The Golden Ratio : The Story of 

PHI, the World's Most Astonishing Number
by Mario Livio (Author)

Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas About robability, Induction and Statistical Inference 

by Ian Hacking (Author) /069102409X  The 

Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900 by Theodore M. Porter (Author) Games, 

Gods & Gambling : A History of Probability and Statistical Ideas [UNABRIDGED] by F. N. David (Author)   The 

Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas About robability, Induction and Statistical Inference 

by Ian Hacking (Author) 
Linked: The New Science of Networks
by Albert-László Barabási

History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty Before 1900
 Box on 

Quality and Discovery: With Design, Control, and Robustness
by George C. Tiao (Editor), Principles of Quantum Mechanics
by Ramamurti Shankar 

Quaternions and Rotation Sequences : A Primer with Applications to Orbits, Aerospace and Virtual Reality
by J. B. Kuipers (Author)
Mathematics for Physicists (Rate it) 
by Philippe Dennery (Author), Andre Krzywicki (Author)   The 

Finite Element Method : Linear Static and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis
by Thomas J. R. Hughes (Author) 

Geometry, Topology and Physics
by Mikio Nakahara Simple Views on Condensed Matter
by Pierre-Gilles de Gennes 
  Basic Superfluids by Tony Guenault
Nexus : Architecture and Mathematics
by editor Kim Williams 
  Superconductivity of Metals and Alloys (Advanced Book Classics) 
by Pierre-Gilles De Gennes, P. A. Pincus (Translator),  Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell
by A. Zee (Author)
 Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics by Martinus J. G. Veltman, M. G. Veltman Gravity: An Introduction to Einstein's General Relativity
by James B. Hartle (Author) 
   Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity
by Sean Carroll (Author)
The Fabric of the Cosmos : Space, Time, and the Texture of Reality
by Brian Greene (Author)   An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory by Michael E. Peskin, Daniel V. Schroeder (Contributor)  Modern Cosmology by Scott Dodelson (Author)  Three Pearls of 

Number Theory [UNABRIDGED] by A. Y. Khinchin (Author)
The Honors Class: Hilbert's Problems and Their Solvers
by Benjamin Yandell Continued 
Fractions by A. Ya. Khinchin (Author) Number Theory by 
George E. Andrews (Author)
The Language of 
Mathematics: Making the Invisible Visible by Keith J. Devlin
Practical Mathematics Using Matlab by Gunnar Backstrom  Essential MATLAB for Scientists and Engineers
by Brian Hahn (Author) The Elegant Universe : Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory by Brian Greene (Author)
Hyperspace : A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the 10th Dimension
by Michio Kaku (Author) Nova - The Elegant Universe 
The Proof
Decoding Nazi Secrets (1999) NOVA: Einstein Revealed (1996) A. Einstein: How I See the World (1991) 
Biography - Sir Isaac Newton (1998) Biography - Leonardo Da Vinci (1997) Galileo: On the Shoulders of Giants (2000)
Marie Curie: More Than Meets the Eye (2000) Nova - Cracking the Code of Life (2001) National Geographic - Clone (2002) Leonardo: A Dream of Flight (2000) 
Nova - Galileo's Battle For the Heavens (2002)
Time Travel (1999) Nova - Runaway Universe (2000) Black Holes (1998) A Brief History of Time (1992) Elementary Particles and the Laws of Physics: The 1986 Dirac Memorial Lectures
by Richard P. Feynman (Author), Steven Weinberg (Author) Feynman Lectures On Physics (3 Volume Set)
by Richard Phillips Feynman
The Creation of the Universe (1984) NOVA - Death Star (2002) 
Voyage to the Milky Way (1999) National Geographic's Destination Space (2000) National Geographic's Asteroids: Deadly Impact (1997)

A Brief History of Time
quotations from the Stephen W. Hawking book.

Astronomy Today - Cosmology
Articles on related topics in popular magazine style.

Cambridge Cosmology Homepage
A site dedicated to cosmology, both basic and advanced, maintained by Cambridge university

The Cosmic Background Explorer satellite. Instruments, scientific results, related links.

Conversational Cosmology
by Henry E. Kandrup. A college-level textbook for an introductory course in cosmology for nonscientists. Comes in a zipped postscript file.

A summary of research areas at the University of Kansas, with links to activities and personnel.

A collection of links.

An extensive overview. Part of the NASA Remote Sensing Tutorial.

Companion site to the PBS mini-series, discussing the challenge to traditional Christian views posed by the scientific understanding of cosmological evolution, and ways in which they might be reconciled.

Cosmology Books and Links
Annotated list of books, articles, and websites from a popular course at Sonoma State University.

Cosmology made Simple
A brief, non-mathematical introduction to modern cosmology.

Cosmology: A Research Briefing
An online book from the National Academy of Sciences. Includes chapters on CMBR, the large scale structure of universe, and the physics of the early universe.

An "interactive book" focusing on the topics of astronomy, cosmology, and theoretical physics. It also provides a number of services including an index of all 88 constellations, several interactive games and quizzes, and extensive information on stars, galaxies, and the Big Bang.

Distant Galaxies and Cosmology Models
Article on possible cosmological models.

Galaxy Formation and the Intergalactic Medium
This site is dedicated to summarizing the research of Paul Shapiro's cosmology group. Of interest mainly to specialists.

Good Cosmology Sites
Links to cosmology resources, and a tutorial by a UCLA professor.

Great Debates in Astronomy
Following in the footsteps of the famous April 1920 'Great Debate' between Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis, this series of debates among leaders in the astronomical community highlight major quests in astronomy and astrophysics in an open forum at the turn of the millennium.

Introduction to Cosmology
A NASA site for the general public featuring a collection of questions and answers on cosmology.

Introduction to Cosmology
These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation. In some places a basic familiarity with particle physics is assumed, but otherwise no special knowledge is needed.

Introduction to the Cosmic Microwave Background
Basic explanations of key concepts, including the Big Bang, expansion of the universe, and the ripples in the density of the early universe that led to the galaxies and stars we see today.

LAMBDA - Legacy Archive for Microwave Background Data
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) archive of science research. CMB data is an important aspect of reseach in cosmology.

MACHO Project
Primary aim is to test the hypothesis that a significant fraction of the dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way is made up of objects like brown dwarfs or planets: these objects have come to be known as MACHOs, for MAssive Compact Halo Objects.

MAP Home Page
MAP is a MIDEX class mission, selected by NASA in 1996, to probe conditions in the early universe. MAP measures temperature differences ("anisotropy") in the cosmic microwave background radiation.

Max Tegmark
Cosmologist's personal site including discussions of movies, experiments, and data analysis efforts.

Messier 81 Internal Motions
van Maanen's astrometrically determined internal motions of the spiral nebula Messier 81.

MSAM/TopHat High Altitude Scientific Balloons
A series of scientic experiments flying as balloon payloads in Texas and Antarctica, designed to measure the medium-scale anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR).

Mysteries of Deep Space - History of the Universe Timeline
From PBS Online

Ned Wright's Cosmology Tutorial
An illustrated introductory guide to the topic, attempting to summarize modern discoveries on the origin, current state, and future of our Universe.

NOVA - Runaway Universe
Examines the size, future and fate of the universe as well as the possible existence of others. Also explores what happens in a supernova explosion, a map of the universe on a cosmological scale, and the ability to spin a spiral galaxy on two axes using QuickTime VR.

Phantom Energy and Cosmic Doomsday
Phantom energy, with negative sum of pressure and energy density, could lead to the universe tearing itself apart in a "Big Rip".

Planck Satellite
ESA mission designed to find the three cosmological parameters: the Hubble parameter, the density and the deceleration parameter from variations in the cosmic background radiation.

Review of Mistake of Einstein
Cosmologists have used recent data to constrain the type of 'dark energy' that may fill all of space.

Revved-Up Universe
Astronomers are convinced that the expansion of the Universe accelerates.

Sloan Digital Sky Survey
A dedicated 2.5 meter telescope which uses sensitive electronic light detectors to systematically map a quarter of the sky, building a catalog of celestial objects, galaxies, and quasars.

Structure and Evolution of the Universe
NASA's quest to explain the structure of the Universe and forecast our cosmic destiny, explore cycles of matter and energy and to examine the ultimate limits of gravity and energy.

Supernova Cosmology Project
This Berkeley labs site is based on observation of red shift in stars going supernova.

The Big Bang (One More Time)
A new model of the universe says it repeats itself in an endless cycle. Article from Christian Science Monitor.

The Boomerang Project
Cosmic microwave background mapping project. Press releases and downloadable academic papers.

The Cosmic Microwave Background
Extensive CMB information from the University of British Columbia.

The Origin of Elements
Arno Allan Penzias Nobel Lecture.

Tufts Institute of Cosmology
The Cosmology group at Tufts University with links to other cosmology sites

Turning On the Universe
Astronomers say the Universe's expansion has been accelerating recently. A new model for repulsive 'dark energy' may help explain the acceleration in a more natural way than other models. From Physical Review Focus.

WMAP- Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe
WMAP is a NASA Explorer mission measuring the temperature of the cosmic background radiation over the full sky. This map provides answers to fundamental questions about the origins and fate of our universe.

Fast Reactor-PU239,238 China Syndrome
What to do in the Event of a Nuclear Accident | Dosimeters
Plutonium | Letters From the End | Disposal | Hayward Faultline

FindLaw Firms Online -- 11222 Web Sites for the Legal Community.
New! Robots for Geologists | Friends | Home Preparation
Area Geology | Public Health | If It Rains
Computational Physics
Neutron Absorbers | Bay Area Inventory | Letters from the End of the World